FAST campaign from the University College London hospitals (Courtesy: University College London Hospitals website.
The above public health message summarizes the signs and symptoms of a suspected stroke event.
In this creative message, each letter represents a word:
- F : face,
- A :arms,
- S : speech,
- T : time.
Knowing what these letters represent is not enough. We need to ask its associated specific questions.
How to suspect a stroke
- Look at the face
Ask: can you smile?
Observe: whether one side of the mouth or an eye is drooping
- Compare both arms
Ask: Raise your both arms
Observe: Whether the person is having any difficulty of raising one or both arms
- Observe the speech
Observe: whether the person cannot speak or understand as before
- Check the time
Call an ambulance of you observe any one of the above
Other similar public health messages
The following are several popular messages adopting the same acronym technique. Among many, I chose the above one because its visuals explains everything that we should know succinctly.
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada message
University College of London (England) Hospitals message
American Heart Association message