Figure 1 depicts the brain’s blood supply routes. The Carotid arteries – both internal and external branches – serve as the main supply routes. Both originate from the common carotid artery; here we see the right-side supply routes. We have a similar system on the left side too.
The outer external branch transports oxygen and food to the face and all over the skull; the inner branch transports to the inside of the brain.
The junction where the common carotid artery divides into two is a crucial place. It is commonplace where fat deposits, a plaque develops and then narrowing the route happens. We can hear a sound – “bruit” – using a stethoscope. They are at high risk of getting a stroke either by cutting off the blood supply or by dislodging plaque particles. The plaque particles can travel higher through blood further inside and may cut off blood supply to a smaller area of the brain. This type of stroke, which is the commonest type, is called an ischemic stroke.
Figure 2 (below) illustrates the blood supply on the skull base.
Figure 3 shows the brain regions’ main supply routes: Anterior, middle, and cerebral. Knowing these supply areas is very useful because the impairments due to an interruption to the blood supply in a stroke depend on which supply route is blocked.
Figure 3: Brain’s main blood supply areas according to its supply routes